Work package 9: ‘We study not for school but for the labour market.’ But for which one?

The Sociological Research Institute (SOFI) works on the 9th work package “’We study not for school but for the labour market.’ But for which one?”. One main question is which patterns of education and training lead to which employment patterns and how are these changing in the course of time. Analysis in soeb 2 has already indicated that training and education phases between school and employment as well as the transition from training to gainful employment are more complicated, less linear and less rule-oriented. Since school and training careers exert more influence on employment chances in the labour market today than in previous times, for low-skilled workers at best precarious patterns of employment participation are available.

Process structures in the training and employment system in this work package will be systematically described in a cohort comparison and in connection with socio-structural characteristics and household information, and will also be standardised by sequence and cluster analyses. Adequate panel data is provided particularly by stage 8 “Education in adulthood and lifelong learning” of the National Education Panel (NEPS).

In connection with this, an analysis of gatekeeping-processes in the so-called “transition-system” shall follow, structuring the training and employment trajectories of low-skilled employees particularly through social state intervention. In the scope of the transition system, courses were offered which did not lead to a recognised vocational qualification. In addition, pre-vocational training for low-achieving students has been shifted to the school. However, on the basis of previous findings, this begs the question of whether or not these interventions fulfil the envisaged compensatory functions, adequately prepare the start of a regular training, or if they possibly contribute to the consolidation of educational disadvantage with the course of a lifetime. The institutional logic of these interventions will be reconstructed and their effects will be analysed with the help of longitudinal data. Since participants of pre-vocational measures in NEPS are underrepresented, the influence of the transition system on training and employment trajectories of adolescents will be analysed based on updated survey data for a panel of secondary school students (Hauptschüler) in Lower Saxony which was collected by the SOFI. In addition, companies considered as gatekeepers were asked about their recruitment strategies.

Work package 9: ‘We study not for school but for the labour market.’ But for which one?

The Sociological Research Institute (SOFI) works on the 9th work package “’We study not for school but for the labour market.’ But for which one?”. One main question is which patterns of education and training lead to which employment patterns and how are these changing in the course of time. Analysis in soeb 2 has already indicated that training and education phases between school and employment as well as the transition from training to gainful employment are more complicated, less linear and less rule-oriented. Since school and training careers exert more influence on employment chances in the labour market today than in previous times, for low-skilled workers at best precarious patterns of employment participation are available.

Process structures in the training and employment system in this work package will be systematically described in a cohort comparison and in connection with socio-structural characteristics and household information, and will also be standardised by sequence and cluster analyses. Adequate panel data is provided particularly by stage 8 “Education in adulthood and lifelong learning” of the National Education Panel (NEPS).

In connection with this, an analysis of gatekeeping-processes in the so-called “transition-system” shall follow, structuring the training and employment trajectories of low-skilled employees particularly through social state intervention. In the scope of the transition system, courses were offered which did not lead to a recognised vocational qualification. In addition, pre-vocational training for low-achieving students has been shifted to the school. However, on the basis of previous findings, this begs the question of whether or not these interventions fulfil the envisaged compensatory functions, adequately prepare the start of a regular training, or if they possibly contribute to the consolidation of educational disadvantage with the course of a lifetime. The institutional logic of these interventions will be reconstructed and their effects will be analysed with the help of longitudinal data. Since participants of pre-vocational measures in NEPS are underrepresented, the influence of the transition system on training and employment trajectories of adolescents will be analysed based on updated survey data for a panel of secondary school students (Hauptschüler) in Lower Saxony which was collected by the SOFI. In addition, companies considered as gatekeepers were asked about their recruitment strategies.

Researchers

Dipl.-Pol. Meike Baas (SOFI),   Dr. Bettina Kohlrausch (SOFI)  and Dipl.-Soz. Veronika Philipps (SOFI)

 
Ergebnisse
Web-Tabellen Kapitel 12 PDF
Baas, Meike/ Philipps, Veronika: Veränderungen von Chancen und Risiken bei Arbeitsmarkteintritten: Eine integrierte Analyse von Bildungs- und Erwerbsverläufen. Vortrag im Rahmen der Jahrestagung des SAMF e.V. zum Thema "Welche Bildung braucht der Arbeitsmarkt?“ PDF
Kohlrausch, Bettina/ Richter, Maria/ Schmidt, Tanja (2014): Mobilitätsbarriere oder zweite Chance? Verläufe im Übergangssystem. Vortrag im Rahmen der SOFI-Tagungsreihe „Work-In-Progress: Teilhabebarrieren – Vielfalt und Ungleichheit im segmentierten Bildungs- und Beschäftigungssystem“ am 23./24.05.2014 in Göttingen. PDF
Poster
Poster 12: Über Ausbildung in Arbeit? Verläufe gering gebildeter Jugendlicher. PDF